The Story of the Teddy Bear
Happiness is a warm puppy.
―Charles M. Schulz
Margarete Steiff was born in the southern German town of Giengen in 1847, the third of four children. At one and a half years of age, she was disabled by polio in both of her legs and right arm.
Although it was unusual in those days for children with disabilities to attend school, Margarete’s parents sent her to school because they wanted her to learn to be independent. She was a cheerful little girl always surrounded by friends.
In the summer of 1856, at the age of nine, Margarete was admitted to the hospital for surgery and treatment under a physician named Dr. August Hermann Werner. At Dr. Werner’s, disabled children lived in freedom while enjoying nature and art. The rooms had splendid furniture, beautiful paintings, lots of books, and even an organ. The floors were always nicely polished, and the children would amuse themselves sliding over them. “People may say the children here are spoiled,” Dr. Werner would say, “but the joys they experience in childhood will enrich their minds. After all, only the best is good enough for children.”
These words made a deep impression on Margarete, and she would never forget the happy days she spent at Dr. Werner’s. But although she endured surgery and worked hard at rehabilitation, her condition did not improve.
In 1864, at the age of 17, Margarete came across a newspaper article that made her realize her disease was incurable. She often thought, “I wish I could walk like other people,” but she made up her mind to accept her fate and find her own path in life. “Instead of constantly struggling to gain what I lack and what can never be mine, I shall be grateful for what has been given to me and do what I can do to the best of my ability.”
Margarete had earlier attended sewing school. At first she found sewing extremely difficult: it hurt to move her right arm even a little, and she was clumsy with her left hand. But none of that stopped her from doing her best. She decided to start a tailoring business with her two older sisters. The Steiff sisters soon gained a reputation around town for fine work.
In 1880, at the age of 33, Margarete found a sewing pattern for a stuffed elephant in a magazine and used it to make a set of toy elephants of felt, stuffed with the finest wool. She gave them to her nieces and nephews as Christmas presents. The children loved them so much they even went to bed with these toy elephants.
“If there had been a toy like this when I was little, I and other children in the hospital would have been much happier,” she thought. Later, Margarete started selling the elephants commercially.
In 1902, Margarete was 55, it was a turning point in her life. She perfected a stuffed bear based on a pattern sketched by her nephew. There had been no toy like this before: the arms, legs and neck were jointed so that they moved. The eyes were made of shiny buttons, and the body was of mohair to create the soft effect of fur.
At first, Margarete was unsure whether to go ahead with production of the stuffed bear. It was complicated to make and the materials were expensive. But in the end she decided to produce it, based on her own belief that only the best was good enough for children. At an international trade fair, the stuffed bear caught the eye of a buyer from an American toy company, who ordered three thousand of them; thus, Margarete’s bear crossed the ocean to America. It became popular in the United States, where it was called the teddy bear.
The teddy bear soon became the best-selling product of Margarete’s company. A few changes were made in the design, until it became the toy with the cuddly body and innocent, childlike look we know today. Margarete died in 1909 at the age of 61, but her vision has been passed on from one generation to the next, and each teddy bear is still carefully hand-made by a skilled craftsperson.
For many people, the teddy bear is like a dear friend or family member. In the West, where it is common for children to sleep in their own room from an early age, parents give their kids stuffed toys to prevent them from getting lonely. The first stuffed toy given to a child ― in most cases a teddy bear ― is considered his or her first friend.
Teddy bears calm the emotions. In the United States, police cars carry teddy bears to hand to children who have been in an accident. In Germany, there are ambulances equipped with teddy bears for children. A teddy bear, being a child’s first friend and constant companion, does a great job of soothing fear and anxiety.
In the mid-twentieth century an organization called Good Bears of the World was founded in the United States with the mission of giving teddy bears to people in need of emotional support. This organization collects donations around the world, using them to send teddy bears to child victims of natural disasters, accidents, and disease. The movement has now spread across the globe, including Japan.
In both happy times and sad times, a teddy bear is a child’s closest companion. Margarete’s belief will certainly live on: only the best is good enough for children.
Get the Picture
What happened to Margarete when she was one and a half years old?
Why did Margarete’s parents send her to school?
What kind of life did disabled children have at Dr. Werner’s?
August Hermann Werner「アウグスト・ヘルマン・ヴェルナー」（1808－1882） 子どものための入院施設を設立した．
Margarete Steiff southern German
Giengen disable polio disability
independent cheerful admit surgery
physician August Hermann Werner freedom
splendid furniture painting organ
polish slide spoil
Get the Picture
Why did Dr. Werner give children only the best?
What did she do when she realized that her disease was incurable?
after all ex. Of course I love him. After all, he is my brother.
make up one’s mind ex. I made up my mind to study abroad.
be grateful for ～ ex. She would be grateful for your help.
childhood enrich rehabilitation article
incurable fate constantly gain lack
Get the Picture
What did Margarete start with her two older sisters?
Mastering the Sewing Machine
Margarete and her sisters bought a sewing machine when such machines were still rare. But she was very disappointed when it arrived: it was equipped with a wheel designed to be turned with one’s right hand. She was unable to turn the wheel with her right hand. So using her imagination, she simply turned it around, turning the wheel with her left hand and using her right hand to hold down and guide the cloth. After a few days of practice, Margarete had completely mastered the sewing machine.
Margarete owned the first sewing machine in Giengen.
sewing extremely clumsy tailoring stuffed
Get the Picture
Why did Margarete start selling the elephants commercially?
Felt elephant made by Margarete’s company
The catalogue of Margarete’s company
felt wool niece nephew commercially
Get the Picture
How was the stuffed bear different from any toys before?
Why was Margarete unsure whether to go ahead with production of the stuffed bear?
How did Margarete’s bear cross the ocean to America?
A pair of teddy bears made by Margarete’s company in the early 1900s
go ahead with ～ ex. They decided to go ahead with the project.
sketch jointed shiny button mohair
fur unsure ahead complicated
material belief trade buyer thus
Origin of the Term “Teddy Bear”
The teddy bear is named after the twenty-sixth president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, nicknamed Teddy. One day in 1902, the president went bear hunting but failed to kill a single bear. So his companions caught a bear cub and presented it to him, but he refused to shoot it. This incident so impressed one American toy manufacturer that it started selling a stuffed toy named the “Teddy Bear.” Around the same time, Margarete’s bears began to be imported in large numbers to the United States, and they gained popularity under the same name.
This cartoon appeared in the Washington Post.
pass ～ on ex. Can you pass this message on to my father?
cuddly innocent childlike skilled
Get the Picture
Why do parents give their kids stuffed toys in the West?
A German girl is comforted by an ambulance worker.
calm emotion ambulance equip
companion soothe anxiety
Get the Picture
What is the mission of Good Bears of the World?
What is a teddy bear for a child in both happy and sad times?
live on ex. He died ten years ago but his memory lives on.
mid found emotional donation
disaster movement globe
Part 1 Margarete’s early days
The birth of Margarete Steiff
She was disabled in both of her ( ) and ( ) ( ).
At the age of nine, the happy days at Dr. Werner’s
Disabled children lived in ( ) while enjoying nature and art.
Dr. Werner said, “The joys the children experience will ( ) their ( ).”
Part 2 Margarete’s own path in life
At the age of 17, the realization that her disease was incurable
She made up her mind to accept her ( ) and find her own ( ) in life.
At the age of 33, making a set of toy elephants
The children loved them. She started selling the elephants ( ).
Part 3 A turning point in Margarete’s life
At the age of 55, Margarete created her teddy bear
The bear’s arms, legs and neck were ( ) so that they ( ).
A buyer ( ) three thousand of them at an international trade fair. Margarete’s bear crossed the ocean to America.
Margarete’s vision passed on
Each teddy bear is still carefully hand-made by a ( ) craftsperson.
Part 4 A teddy bear as a child’s first friend and constant companion
The teddy bear as a dear friend or family member
Parents give their kids ( ) toys to prevent them from getting ( ).
Soothing fear and anxiety
( ) ( ) in the United States and ( ) in Germany are equipped with teddy bears.
The organization gives teddy bears to people in ( ) of emotional support.
A teddy bear as a child’s closest companion
Margarete’s belief will live on: only ( ) ( ) is good enough for children.
LISTEN & REACT
- What did Margarete Steiff decide to do when she realized her disease was incurable?
(a) To make stuffed bears and sell them commercially.
(b) To do the best she could in her life.
(c) To give teddy bears to children affected by accidents or disease.
- Why is each teddy bear still hand-made by a skilled craftsperson?
(a) In order to realize Margarete’s belief.
(b) In order to make a lovely looking teddy bear.
(c) In order to make a child feel comfortable.
- What are some benefits of teddy bears for children?
MAKE YOUR COMMENTS
Youths collect cuddly huggables for New York City youngsters
When children are frightened, it helps to have something to hug. And New York City children, in the wake of the terrorist attack, are going to have some teddy bears to hug, thanks to the National Honor Society at Montgomery High School.
“I was talking to my cousin who teaches in New York City in a school about 60 blocks from the World Trade Center,” said Maryann Biesiada, club advisor. “She said there are three elementary schools close to ‘Ground Zero.’ The Honor Society members immediately said they would like to launch a bear drive.”
Andrew Sullivan, chapter president, said it gives students a chance to help youths affected by the devastation. “Everyone needs a hug now and then, and this is our way of sending a hug,” he said. The teens made posters, put them in the halls of the school, and made announcements on the public address system each morning. The total has now grown to 350 bears.
Many students have personalized their message of concern by writing notes and tying them on the bears. One student took a knitted cap off a bear and tucked an encouraging note in it before putting it back.
“Although we are 1,600 miles away from the Trade Center, we want to help in some way,” said Lauren Babir, chapter vice president. “We hope the bears provide a little security blanket for them.”
September 27, 2001
The Houston Chronicle
V huggable 抱きしめたくなるもの the National Honor Society 全米優等生協会
Ground Zero 倒壊した世界貿易センタービルの跡地 devastation 破壊
tuck ～をしまい込む security blanket 安心感を得るためいつも持っているもの
What is your present?
Who do you want to give it to?
Why do you want to give it to this person / these people?
When do you want to give it to him / her / them?
What do you want to tell him / her / them with this present?
To My Dear Sister,
Congratulations on passing the entrance exam!
Now you’ll be looking forward to a new life in college.
But I will miss you very much when you move out of our house.
I hope this teddy bear reminds you of me.
Grammar for Communication
If there had been a toy like this when I was little, I and other children in the hospital would have been much happier. → 48.6
If you had studied harder, you would have passed the test.
条件節 帰結節 過去 現在 未来
▼仮定法過去完了は，「もし～していたら（if＋主語＋had done）」という過去の仮想状況の設定（条件節）を受けて，「…だっただろう（主語＋would have done）」という過去における結果の想定（帰結節）を述べるのが基本形．
1. If you had not called me this morning, I would have overslept.
2. If they had met, they would have fallen in love with each other.
3. She might have burst into tears if you had told her the truth.
4. If you had apologized then, you wouldn’t be feeling any regret now.
5. If I could understand French, I would have liked the movie more.
I confronted him with the question, “What would have happened if you had died first and your wife had had to survive you?” “Oh,” he said, “for her this would have been terrible; how she would have suffered!” “You see,” I replied, “such a suffering has been spared her, and it was you who have spared her this suffering ― to be sure, at the price that now you have to survive and mourn her.”
V survive ～より長生きする spare A B A（人）にB（苦労など）を与えない
Structures and Expressions
① I wish＋仮定法（かなわぬ願望を語る表現）
- I miss you so much. I wish you were here with me!
- If only you were here with me!
- I wish I could walk like other people. → 46.11
- I’ve been thinking of Akira for some time. I wish I had kept in touch with him.
Task 以下の状況に合うように，［ ］内の語句を使って，英語で表現してみよう．
- 状況 手助けできないことを申し訳なく思って．
I [ I, were, could do, something, there, wish ] to help.
- 状況 母親にあまり干渉しないでほしい．
I [ my mother, me, wish, leave, would, alone ].
- 状況 彼の真意が見抜けず，だまされてしまった．
I shouldn’t have accepted his offer. [ I, had, if only, his true intentions, known ]!
- There is something strange going on here.
- There had been no toy like this before. → 49.3
- There is no chance that Terry will become the president.
- Once upon a time there lived an old man in a forest.
- There goes the bus. cf. Here comes the bus.
Task 以下の状況に合うように，［ ］内の語句を使って，英語で表現してみよう．
- 状況 計画の先行きを心配する相手を安心させたい．
There [ nothing, worry, to, is, about ]. Everything is going to be all right.
- 状況 昨日会った少年に見覚えがあった．
There [ I met, about, the boy, was, something, yesterday, familiar ].
- 状況 山沿いでは雪になるかもしれない．
There [ will snow, in areas, it, a chance, near the mountains, is, that ].
20世紀半ばにはGood Bears of the Worldという団体が，心の支えを必要としている人々にテディベアを贈る使命を持って合衆国で設立されました．この団体は世界中から寄付を募り，それを使って自然災害や事故，病気で苦しんでいる子供たちにテディベアを贈ります．この運動は今や，日本を含む世界中に広がっています．