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 本文

1  The powerful “Jakuchu Boom” is an intriguing phenomenon. Until the end of the twentieth century, Jakuchu was almost forgotten. However, he is now one of the most popular artists in Japan. In 2016, 446,000 people visited Jakuchu’s exhibit in Tokyo, where some had to wait in line for up to 320 minutes.

 

2  Why was such a popular artist forgotten? Ito Jakuchu was one of the many famous painters in the eighteenth-century Kyoto painting circle. Jakuchu, however, had only a few apprentices and, being a devout Buddhist, donated his masterpieces to temples. One of them was Colorful Realm of Living Beings, which was a thirty-scroll set of bird-and-flower paintings. After it was transferred to the Imperial Household Agency during the early Meiji era, it was seldom put on public display, and accordingly, he was gradually forgotten.

 

3   People began to show interest in Jakuchu again after World War II. In 1953, when an American collector named Joe Price saw a small ink painting in an antique shop in New York City, he could not resist purchasing it. He later found out that the painting was by Jakuchu. Price would sometimes visit Japan and continued to collect Jakuchu’s paintings, but unlike many other collectors, he displayed them for everyone who wanted to see them. Without this collection, Jakuchu would not have been rediscovered.

 

4   Modern media, including the Internet, have played a role in the recent Jakuchu boom. Visitors to the 2000 exhibit in Kyoto all admired the vivid expression of his paintings, which was not a common characteristic of Edo art. They posted their surprise at and praise toward his art on the Internet, drawing young people who had never been to a museum to the exhibit.

 

5  Modern technology has revealed a lot about the secrets of Jakuchu’s works, such as urazaishiki and masumegaki. Urazaishiki is a method of coloring a picture from the back of the canvas. He may have used this technique in pursuit of the colors that he really wanted. Masumegaki is a technique of dividing an artwork into grids of about one square centimeter and coloring them individually. It is similar to the way modern TVs display images on the screen.

 

6  Legend has it that Jakuchu said he would “wait for a thousand years for his works to be truly appreciated.” He must have believed that his methods and ideas of painting were so far ahead of his time that no one understood them. However, Jakuchu would be pleased to know that we are in the process of actually understanding the value of his paintings. It appears that the long wait is finally coming to an end.

 

 

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Comprehension

  1. What is the main idea of the text?
  2. The powerful “Jakuchu Boom” is an unusual but very interesting phenomenon.
  3. Ito Jakuchu was a famous Japanese painter in the eighteenth century, but he was forgotten gradually.
  4. It was an American collector who started to appreciate the works of Jakuchu after World War II.

 

  1. Complete the following table using the words in the box. Change the form of the words if necessary.

1 It is intriguing that a powerful Jakuchu phenomenon has (1.     ) though he was almost forgotten until the end of the twentieth century.

2 Jakuchu was a famous painter in the eighteenth-century Kyoto painting circle, but he was gradually (2.     ).

3 Joe Price, an American collector, played a great role in making people (3.     ) Jakuchu’s works.

4 Modern media have helped to (4.      ) young people to the 2000 Jakuchu exhibit.

5 Modern technology has (5.      ) a lot about the secrets of Jakuchu’s works, such as urazaishiki and masumegaki.

6 Jakuchu would be pleased to know that we are in the (6.    ) of actually understanding the value of his paintings.

 

 

appreciate  draw  forget  occur  process  reveal

 

  1. Write T for true or F for false for each statement.
  2. All the visitors who went to Jakuchu’s exhibit in 2016 had to wait for 320 minutes. (   )
  3. In the eighteenth century, Jakuchu was the most famous painter in the Kyoto painting circle. (   )
  4. Joe Price bought his first Jakuchu painting knowing the painter’s name. (   )
  5. The young people who went to the 2000 Jakuchu exhibit had never been to a museum. (   )
  6. Thanks to modern technology, we have found some secrets of Jakuchu’s paintings, such as urazaishiki and masumegaki. (   )

 

 

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和訳

伊藤若冲―再発見された芸術家

 

[1] 強烈な「若冲ブーム」は興味をそそる現象である。若冲は20世紀の終わりまでほとんど忘れられていた。しかし,彼は今日本で最も人気のある画家の一人である。2016年には,446,000人の人々が東京での若冲展に訪れ,最大320分間,並んで待たなければならない人もいた。

 

[2] なぜそのように人気のある絵師が忘れられていたのか。伊藤若冲は18世紀の京都画壇では多くの有名な絵師の一人だった。しかし若冲にはほんの数人の弟子しかおらず,信心深い仏教徒だったので,自分の代表作を寺院に寄進してしまっていた。その中の一作が『動植綵絵(どうしょくさいえ)』で,30幅一揃いの鳥花画の巻き物だった。それは明治時代初期に宮内省に移された後,めったに公開展示されなくなり,それに応じて彼は次第に忘れられていった。

 

[3] 人々は第2次世界大戦後に再び若冲に興味を示し始めた。1953年に,ジョー・プライスという名前のアメリカ人収集家がニューヨーク市の古美術品店で小さな水墨画を見たとき,彼はそれを買わずにいられなかった。彼は後になってその絵が若冲によるものだと知った。プライスは日本に時々訪れて若冲の絵を収集し続けたが,他の多くの収集家と違い,見たいすべての人に絵を見せた。このコレクションがなかったら,若冲は再発見されていなかっただろう。

 

[4] インターネットを含む現代のメディアが,最近の若冲ブームで,ある役割を担った。2000年の京都での展覧会のすべての来訪者が彼の絵の鮮やかな表現に感嘆したが,それは江戸の美術の一般的な特徴ではなかったのである。彼らは彼の美術への驚きと賞賛をインターネットに投稿し,一度も美術館に行ったことのなかった若者たちをその展覧会にひきつけたのだった。

 

[5] 現代の科学技術により,例えば「裏彩色」や「升目描き」のような,若冲の作品の秘密の多くが明らかにされている。「裏彩色」は画布の裏から色を塗る方法である。彼は本当に望んだ色を求めて,この技巧を用いたのかもしれない。「桝目描き」は美術品を約1平方センチメートルの格子状に分割し,それらに個々に色を塗る技術である。それは現代のテレビが画面に映像を表示する方法と類似している。

 

[6] 言い伝えによると,若冲は「作品が本当に価値を認められるためには1,000年間待つつもりだ」と言ったそうである。絵についての方法と考え方は時代よりもはるかに先んじていたので,誰もそれらを理解しないと彼は信じていたに違いない。しかし,私たちが彼の絵の価値を本当に理解しているところだと知って,若冲は喜ぶかもしれない。彼の長い待ち時間がようやく終わりかけているのである。

 

 

解答例

Comprehension

  1. What is the main idea of the text?
  2. The powerful “Jakuchu Boom” is an unusual but very interesting phenomenon.
  3. Ito Jakuchu was a famous Japanese painter in the eighteenth century, but he was forgotten gradually.
  4. It was an American collector who started to appreciate the works of Jakuchu after World War II.

 

  1. Complete the following table using the words in the box. Change the form of the words if necessary.

1 It is intriguing that a powerful Jakuchu phenomenon has (1.occured ) though he was almost forgotten until the end of the twentieth century.

2 Jakuchu was a famous painter in the eighteenth-century Kyoto painting circle, but he was gradually (2. forgotten ).

3 Joe Price, an American collector, played a great role in making people (3. appreciate ) Jakuchu’s works.

4 Modern media have helped to (4. draw ) young people to the 2000 Jakuchu exhibit.

5 Modern technology has (5. revealed ) a lot about the secrets of Jakuchu’s works, such as urazaishiki and masumegaki.

6 Jakuchu would be pleased to know that we are in the (6. process ) of actually understanding the value of his paintings.

 

 

appreciate  draw  forget  occur  process  reveal

 

  1. Write T for true or F for false for each statement.
  2. All the visitors who went to Jakuchu’s exhibit in 2016 had to wait for 320 minutes. ( F )
  3. In the eighteenth century, Jakuchu was the most famous painter in the Kyoto painting circle. ( F )
  4. Joe Price bought his first Jakuchu painting knowing the painter’s name. ( F )
  5. The young people who went to the 2000 Jakuchu exhibit had never been to a museum. ( F )

5. Thanks to modern technology, we have found some secrets of Jakuchu’s paintings, such as urazaishiki and masumegaki. ( T )

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