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1  A winning one-million-dollar lottery ticket picked out of a trash can has become the subject of a three-way legal battle in Arkansas. If you were a juror, how would you rule on this case? Here is what happened.

 

2  Sharon Jones was at a convenience store in July, 2011 in Beebe, Arkansas, when she went to the shop’s special trash can put out for customers to throw away non-winning lottery tickets. She picked them up as she often did. The lottery commission website allows people to register non-winning tickets for points that can be used for secondary prizes. Jones entered these tickets into the registration web page. However, the page would not give her points on one particular ticket. After trying three times, she called in her husband, and the two realized that the numbers on the ticket were not fully scratched off. After her husband scratched off the last number, they realized it was a match for the million-dollar prize.

 

3  Jones turned in the ticket and received a check worth 680,000 dollars. After the check was issued, the lottery commission began the process of confirming all winning tickets and in the course of the investigation, they found that Jones had grabbed tickets from the trash can.

 

4  Soon after it was revealed that Jones had picked up the winning ticket from the trash, the store manager, Lisa Petriches, claimed that customers were not allowed to take tickets from the trash can and that those tickets belonged to her. A month after Jones collected her check, Petriches took legal action against her, claiming the winning ticket was hers.

 

5  Besides the two women, another Sharon, Sharon Duncan, joined the lawsuit in January, 2012, when she claimed that she was the one who had originally purchased the ticket and that the prize rightfully belonged to her. She testified that the lottery scanner had told her that she was not a winner, and she would not have discarded the ticket if she had known its worth. Here is what each woman said:

 

6  Finders keepers? (Sharon Jones, the finder of the ticket)

I have been taking discarded tickets from the trash can for years, but no one has told me not to take tickets out of the trash. Essentially it is a case of “finders keepers.” Besides, I have already spent some of the money. You know, having to pay back all the money may be difficult.

 

7  Trash to treasure? (Lisa Petriches, the store manager)

If Jones had not plucked the ticket from our trash, it would have belonged to the store. Whoever the original buyer was, when the ticket was abandoned by the buyer, the ownership of the ticket was passed on to the store. That means I have the right to the winning ticket.

 

8  Buyer has the ownership? (Sharon Duncan, the buyer of the ticket)

I would never have thrown it away if only I had known the ticket was a winner. Though I threw away the ticket, I did not abandon the claim to it that I gained with my purchase of the twenty-dollar ticket. Whether I threw it away or not, the right to the winning ticket still remains with me.

 

9  Now, you have to determine who owns the winning ticket and explain the reason for your decision. Are you ready?

 

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Comprehension

  1. What is the main idea of the text?
  2. Who has the right to the winning ticket is open to discussion.
  3. Sharon Jones picked up a discarded lottery ticket and got a check for 680,000 dollars.
  4. No one could determine who should own the winning ticket.

 

 

  1. Complete the following table using the words and phrases in the box. Change the form of the words if necessary.

 

1 ,2 ,3 Sharon Jones picked up some non-winning tickets from a (1.     ). She found that one of the tickets was a (2.     ).

4 The store manager, Lisa Petriches, took (3.     ) against Jones, claiming that the winning ticket belonged to her.

5 Sharon Duncan, who originally bought the ticket, joined the (4.     ).

6, 7, 8 Each person (5.     ) about their right to the winning ticket.

9 Who do you think (6.     ) the winning ticket?

 

lawsuit   legal action   own   shop’s trash can   testify   winner

 

  1. Write T for true or F for false for each statement.
  2. Sharon Jones bought a lottery ticket, which was a winner. (   )
  3. Sharon Jones turned in a lottery ticket she had found and received a check for 680,000 dollars. (   )
  4. In the process of confirming all winning tickets, it was revealed that Sharon Jones had taken the winning ticket from the trash can at a convenience store. (   )
  5. Sharon Jones already used some of the money she had received and said she might have difficulty paying it back. (   )
  6. Lisa Petriches argued that the winning ticket was hers because the trash belonged to her convenience store. (   )
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和訳

100万ドルの宝くじ

 

[1] くず入れから拾った100万ドルの当たり宝くじ券が,アーカンソー州の3 者による法廷闘争の主題になっている。もしあなたが陪審員だったら,この事件にどんな判決を下すだろうか。これが起こったことである。

 

[2] シャロン・ジョーンズは2011年7 月に,アーカンソー州ビービーのコンビニエンスストアにいた。彼女はそれから,客が外れ宝くじ券を捨てるために用意している(外れ券)専用のくず入れのところまで行った。彼女はしばしばするように,外れ宝くじ券を拾い上げた。宝くじ委員会のウェブサイトでは,2次賞に使えるポイント用に外れ宝くじ券を登録することができる。ジョーンズはこれらの券を登録用ウェブページに入力した。ところがそのページでは,ある1 枚の券だけにはポイントを与えてくれようとしなかった。3 回試した後,彼女は夫を呼び寄せたのだが,2 人は券面の番号が完全にはこすりとられていないことに気づいた。夫が最後の番号をこすりとると,それらが100 万ドルの賞金と合っていることがわかったのだった。

 

[3] ジョーンズはその当たりくじ券を提出し,68 万ドルの価値のある小切手を受け取った。小切手が発行されてから,宝くじ委員会はすべての当たりくじ券の確認作業を始め,その調査の間に,ジョーンズがくず入れから券をつかみとっていたことがわかったのである。

 

[4] ジョーンズが当たりくじ券をごみから拾ったのが明らかにされたすぐ後に,コンビニエンスストア店長のリサ・ペトリチズが客はくず入れからくじ券を持っていくことは許されておらず,それらのくじ券は自分のものだと主張した。ジョーンズが小切手を換金してから1か月後に,ペトリチズは彼女に対して訴訟を起こして,当たり宝くじ券は自分のものだと主張したのだった。

 

[5] 2 人の女性に加えて,もう一人のシャロン,シャロン・ダンカンが2012 年1 月に訴訟に加わり,もともとそのくじ券を買ったのは自分であり,賞金は正当には彼女のものだと主張した。宝くじ読み取り機が彼女は当選者ではないと示したのであって,もし彼女がその券の価値を知っていたら捨てなかっただろうと証言した。これがそれぞれの女性が言ったことである。

 

[6] 拾った者が所有者か(券の拾得者シャロン・ジョーンズ)。

私は何年も捨てられた券をくず入れから取り出していますが,誰も私に紙くずから券を抜き取らないように言ったことはありません。基本的にこれは「拾った者が所有者」の事例です。そのうえ,私はすでにお金をいくらか使ってしまいました。おわかりでしょ,すべてのお金を返さなければならないというのは,難しいかもしれないのです。

 

[7] ごみが財宝に?(店長のリサ・ペトリチズ)。

もしジョーンズさんが私たちの紙くずから券を抜き取らなかったら,その券は店のものだったでしょうに。最初の購入者が誰であったにせよ,くじ券がその購入者によって捨てられたときに,くじ券の所有権は店に譲られたのです。それで,私に当たりくじ券の権利があることになります。

 

[8] 購入者に所有権があるか。(くじ券の購入者シャロン・ダンカン)。

そのくじ券が当たり券だとわかってさえいれば,絶対に捨てなかったでしょう。私はくじ券は捨てましたが,20 ドルのくじ券を購入して得た権利は捨てませんでした。その券を捨てたにしても捨てなかったにしても,当たりくじ券の権利は今でも私にあります。

 

[9] さて,あなたは誰に当たりくじ券の所有権があるか判決を下し,その判決に対する理由を説明しなければならない。準備はいいだろうか。

解答例

Comprehension

  1. What is the main idea of the text?
  2. Who has the right to the winning ticket is open to discussion.
  3. Sharon Jones picked up a discarded lottery ticket and got a check for 680,000 dollars.
  4. No one could determine who should own the winning ticket.

 

 

  1. Complete the following table using the words and phrases in the box. Change the form of the words if necessary.

 

1 ,2 ,3 Sharon Jones picked up some non-winning tickets from a (1.shop’s trash can ). She found that one of the tickets was a (2. winner ).

4 The store manager, Lisa Petriches, took (3. legal action ) against Jones, claiming that the winning ticket belonged to her.

5 Sharon Duncan, who originally bought the ticket, joined the (4.lawsuit ).

6, 7, 8 Each person (5. testifies ) about their right to the winning ticket.

9 Who do you think (6. owns  ) the winning ticket?

 

lawsuit   legal action   own   shop’s trash can   testify   winner

 

  1. Write T for true or F for false for each statement.
  2. Sharon Jones bought a lottery ticket, which was a winner. ( F )
  3. Sharon Jones turned in a lottery ticket she had found and received a check for 680,000 dollars. ( T )
  4. In the process of confirming all winning tickets, it was revealed that Sharon Jones had taken the winning ticket from the trash can at a convenience store. ( T )
  5. Sharon Jones already used some of the money she had received and said she might have difficulty paying it back. ( T )
  6. Lisa Petriches argued that the winning ticket was hers because the trash belonged to her convenience store. ( T )
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